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POSITION:首页>>Key Areas>>Colourful Yunnan
Main Actions: II. The Action for Environmental Pollution Treatment
Time:2010.10.19 17:33:44

      1.   To prevent and control water pollution, by focusing on safeguarding drinking water security for the people and to control water pollution for the nine plateau lakes. Up to the Year 2010, the rate that the projects have begun construction for controlling the water pollution of the nine lakes reaches 100%, and the rate that the projects have been completed reaches more than 95%; and the total amount of key pollutants discharged into the lakes is decreased by more than 10%.

     To further modify and improve the rules for each lake, to define the water table for each lake in a scientific manner, to establish the operational mechanism for managing water level which is conducive to protection of the lakes; any development projects that are not favourable for eco-environment will not be allowed to construct within a certain range of the legal water level of the lakes; to focus on treating the severely-polluted rivers that flow into the lakes, to reduce the total amount of key pollutants discharged into the lakes, the implement the ‘Three Conversions’ project in an all-round way, to build an ecological belt along lakeshores and rehabilitate wetlands; any building facility that is built illegally and pollutes the water environment and damages the eco-environment have to be dismantled; to speed up building infrastructure facilities for sewage and garbage disposal; to speed up the construction of water diversion facilities to Dianchi Lake.

     To take strict measures in protecting drinking water sources; to develop the provincial plan for protecting urban centralized drinking water sources; to prohibit building any outlet for pollutant discharge within the first-level protected areas for drinking water sources, if any exists, has to be closed down, and to prohibit building any new one within the second-level protected areas; to close down or renovate the enterprises that produce pollution to drinking water sources, and to strengthen the supervision and management on the chemical and smelting enterprises along the rivers for their security so as to remove hidden dangers; to establish and improve the pre-warning system for the security of drinking water sources, and to regularly issue monitoring information on the water quality of drinking water sources; to ensure an increasing improvement of water environment of the six key rivers, through reinforcing the treatment of eco-fragile areas in watersheds, implementing the plan for water pollution prevention & control, making more efforts in environmental protection for hydro-power development, implementing the construction projects defined in the plan for water pollution prevention & control for the upper reaches of the Three Gorges, strengthening the capacity building for water monitoring for watersheds, and exploring the mechanism for ecological compensation; to make more efforts in conducting monitoring for the key rivers that flow outside the province, and make a good setting up of monitoring sections of water quality for the key rivers that flow outside the province, to establish an inventory system for key pollution sources and to develop the schemes for emergency response of pollution accidents to keep away environmental risks.

     2.   To reinforce the prevention & control of industrial pollution by taking the total amount control of the key pollutants as a target, to popularize the pollutant discharge licensing system by taking the total amount control as a target, and to prohibit any pollutant discharging without licensing or beyond the limits; to develop the plan for controlling the total amount of pollutant with focusing on SO2 and COD, and then to break down the quotes to key regions, key sectors and key enterprises; the desulphurization facilities have to be built simultaneously by the coal-burning power factories when constructing any new generating sets; the existing generating sets that cannot meet the total amount index have to be installed with desulphurization facilities within a prescribed time for ensuring keeping within bounds assigned by the State.

     To eliminate the outdated production processes and equipment that waste resources and produce environmental pollution; to take measures to restrict the production outputs and pollutant discharge amount for the enterprises that cannot meet standard-reaching pollutant discharge stably or discharge pollutants beyond the limits, and to order them treating environmental pollution within a prescribed time, and to order them stopping production or close down them firmly, if still not meeting the requirements after that; to prohibit building new enterprises of metallurgy, building materials and chemistry that produce heavy pollution near cities and other environmentally-sensitive areas; any existing ones have to be moved step by step.

     3.   To make more efforts in comprehensive renovation of urban environment by taking the improvement of the people’s living environment as an objective. To speed up the construction of urban environmental facilities, and by the year of 2010, an extra of 950,000 tons/day of sewage disposal capacity is installed, the rate of sewage disposal is not less than 70% for the municipalities, and the water quality of the rivers in cities sees an obvious improvement; the rate of garbage decontamination is not less than 60%, and the hazardous wastes including medical wastes is brought under safe disposal; to define the areas or places where heavy-polluted coals are prohibited to sell and use; to take measures of  the responsibility system for deforestation, to strengthen the management on construction sites for better piling up and cleaning out of construction wastes; to prioritize the development of public transportation and to popularize the system of conducting regular detection on motor vehicle emissions; to better solve the hotspot problems of kitchen smoking and noise to the people etc; to make more efforts in the renovation and beautification of city’s appearance, to speed up rebuild the ‘Villages in Downtown Districts’ and the outskirts of cities for creating a beautiful and harmonious urban environment.

     4.   To carry out the renovation of rural environment and promote the construction of new rural areas; to popularize the eco-farming pattern and environmentally-friendly new agricultural technologies; to use chemical fertilizers and pesticides in a scientific way and to substantially reduce non-point pollution sources; to treat separate industrial and domestic pollution sources according to the local conditions; to implement the ‘Four Renovations’ (to renovate the collection points for better garbage collection, to renovate toilets for better feces collection, to renovate animal housing for better feces collection and to change cultivation for reducing farming pollution) in rural areas ; to guide rural residents changing their backward farming and living customs; to make more efforts in prevention & control of pollution from livestock breeding; to renovate the rural environment and appearance to create a healthy, comfortable, beautiful and clean farming and living environment.

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